What is Ketamine?
Ketamine is a type of dissociative anaesthetic that is commonly seen in operating rooms around the world. It has served a useful purpose as a painkiller, both in classical clinical settings and out in the field used for casualties of war and accidents. As a common drug of abuse, it is used to achieve hallucinatory states of consciousness that give off a powerful feel of being detached from the world around you as well as giving painkiller-like effects similar to opiates.
Long term usage leads to serious bladder problems, some of which are irreversible. The number of deaths associated with ketamine is escalating yearly across the globe along with the number of people reporting an addiction to the drug. Ketamine use can cause damage to the bladder, called ketamine cystitis which cannot be reversed, so stopping addiction as early as possible is vital to health.
Bladder problems are very commonplace for those who use daily. It does not matter how little or much you use, everyone is different, some more susceptible than others.
Common symptoms of ketamine-cystitis include:
Urgently needing to urinate
Finding it painful to urinate and having blood in your urine
Not being able to hold as much urine in your bladder
Other physical symptoms of ketamine abuse include heart problems (including cardiac arrest). The crystalline-like powder of ketamine causes a caustic effect on the soft tissue inside the nose which erodes over time; this process is often irreversible. Many users who seek the wilder experiences of ketamine begin injecting, risking infection and blood-born viruses such as HIV, HepB and Hep C.
As well as damaging the body physically, long-term use of ketamine causes memory loss, depression and is thought to be a contributing factor of psychosis. Many users of the drug are not able to self-report on this sensation and take it on board as par for the course of its usage. Some users strongly believe the psychotic experiences of ketamine to be in some way uplifting and confabulate unlikely ideas to justify this and continue taking the drug.
Some long-term users ketamine can experience withdrawal symptoms from usage; this presents as abdominal pains known sometimes as “ketamine cramps” and sensitivity towards general pains. As well as physical pain, users may experience increased levels of anxiety, strong, compelling urges to use and depression in the withdrawal process.