Dual Diagnosis: Depression Treatment

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Dual Diagnosis: Depression Treatment 2017-05-29T12:36:58+00:00

Dual Diagnosis: Depression

Depression is a common condition shared by many addicts and alcoholics. And therefore at Hope Rehab, you’ll find many therapies that’ll help you. Below you find some general information on depression, its symptoms, causes, triggers, and the treatment we offer at Hope Rehab. Please feel free to reach out to us for a free consultation or if you should have any questions via the contact form at the bottom of the page.

What is Depression?

Depression is a modern term. Hippocrates, the father of Western medicine, described a syndrome of melancholia over 2000 years ago, characterising it as fears and despondency. Now the word depressed is used in everyday language, people often say, “I’m depressed” when they mean, “I’m fed up”. Everyone occasionally gets the blues or “black dog” as Winston Churchill described it.

Repercussions that come with addiction make it more likely to feel depressed

Addiction can have serious repercussions on a person’s life, leading to financial and legal troubles, impaired thinking and judgment, as well as stress. Struggling with money or grappling with a failed relationship, you’re more likely to feel depressed.

Types of Depression

  • Clinical/Major Reactive Episodes

  • Premenstrual – Periods – Postnatal

  • Psychotic – Break with Reality

  • Chronic/Dysthymia  – Persistent

  • Mild Depression: Discouraged about the Future

  • Moderate Depression: Dismal Future

  • Severe Depression: No Future

What came first, the chicken or the egg?

The neurotransmitter serotonin works like an anaesthetic for emotional pain and depression. People with low serotonin and addiction issues will tend to gravitate towards drugs and alcohol to self-medicate their low mood. Researchers don’t know whether the dip in serotonin causes the depression, or the depression causes serotonin levels to drop. However, a vicious cycle can develop to cope.

Symptoms of Depression

  • Hopelessness

  • Feeling Down

  • Withdrawn

  • Isolation

  • Reduced Libido

  • Low Self-Esteem

  • Hypercondroia

  • Appetite Loss

  • Weight Loss

  • Fatigue

  • Suicidal Thinking

  • Excessive Sleeping

  • Empty

  • Feelings

  • Pessimism

  • Worthlessness

  • Helplessness

  • Neglect

  • Procrastination

  • Making Decisions

  • Pleasure Loss

  • Self-Pity

Triggers for Depression

  • Substance Abuse

  • Abuse

  • Trauma

  • Medications

  • Grief

  • Losing Job

  • Economic

  • Divorce

  • Isolation

Depression and Alcohol Addiction

Repercussions that come with addiction make it more likely to feel depressed

Alcohol is a depressant and has a sedative effect on the brain. Therefore, it exaggerates depression because of it’s direct neurotoxic effects. A drink or two, smoking cannabis, a line of cocaine, might temporarily relieve some symptoms, but each time a chemical leaves the body, it usually brings the depression to new lows known as “withdrawal depression”.

If you suffer from depression it is difficult to imagine not being depressed in the future

When people suffer from depression, it is difficult to imagine not being depressed in the future. You can’t always think your way out of depression and if you can’t say anything positive to yourself, it’s best to think nothing at all.

Looking at the world through the glasses of depression distorts things in a negative way

The expression “looking at the world through rose-colored glasses” means everything seems wonderful. It is a distortion of reality. Just as “looking at the world through depression glasses” always distorts things in a negative way.

Negative Self-Talk

  • I don’t like the way I look

  • I am not smart enough – I am a loser

  • Nothing ever goes my way

  • I should not be depressed

  • I’m weak – pain will never end

  • I’m incompetent – I can’t do anything right

  • I am trapped – there is no way out

  • I can’t change – I feel hopeless

  • I find socializing hard

  • I’m a failure – I lack confidence

  • I’m different – I feel lonely

  • I am confused

  • It is easier to avoid facing difficulties

  • I have to do everything myself

  • Losing pleasure in things I used to enjoy

  • Feeling like a burden to others

  • Lack of self-esteem and self-loathing

  • Being very critical of yourself

  • Feeling numb, emotionless and empty

Depression Treatment at Hope Rehab

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