Depression and Addiction treatment
Depression is a modern term. Hippocrates, the father of Western medicine, described a syndrome of Melancholia over 2000 years ago, characterizing it as fears and despondency. Now the word depressed is used in everyday language, people often say, "I'm depressed" when they mean, “I'm fed up”. Everyone occasionally gets the blues or "black-dog" as Winston Churchill described it.
Addiction can have serious repercussions on a person's life, leading to financial and legal troubles, impaired thinking and judgment, as well as stress. Struggling with money or grappling with a failed relationship, you're more likely to feel depressed.
Types of depression
- Clinical/major Reactive episodes
- Premenstrual – Periods - Postnatal
- Psychotic – Break with reality
- Chronic/dysthymia - Persistent
- Mild depression: discouraged about the future
- Moderate depression: dismal future
- Severe depression: no future
What came first, the chicken or the egg?
The neurotransmitter Serotonin anesthetises emotional pain and depression. People with low Serotonin and addiction issues will tend to gravitate towards drugs and alcohol to self-medicate their low mood.
Researchers don't know whether the dip in Serotonin causes the depression, or the depression causes Serotonin levels to drop. However a vicious cycle can develop to cope.
Symptoms of Depression
- Feeling Down
- Reduced Libido
- Low Self Esteem
- Appetite Loss
- Weight Loss
- Suicidal Thinking
- Excessive Sleeping
- Making Decisions
- Pleasure Loss
Triggers for Depression
- Substance Abuse
- Losing Job
Depression and Alcohol Addiction
Alcohol is a depressant and has a sedative effect on the brain. Therefore, it exaggerates depression because of it’s direct neurotoxic effects. A drink or two, smoking cannabis, a line of cocaine, might temporarily relieve some symptoms, but each time a chemical leaves the body, it usually brings the depression to new lows known as “Withdrawal depression”.
When people suffer from depression, it is difficult to imagine not being depressed in the future. You can’t always think your way out of depression and if you can't say anything positive to yourself, its best to think nothing at all.
The expression "looking at the world through rose-colored glasses" means everything seems wonderful. It is a distortion of reality. Just as "looking at the world through depression glasses" always distorts things in a negative way.
- I don’t like the way I look
- I am not smart enough – I am a loser
- Nothing ever goes my way
- I should not be depressed
- I’m weak - pain will never end
- I’m incompetent - I can't do anything right
- I am trapped – there is no way out
- I cant change - I Feel hopeless
- I find socializing hard
- I’m a failure - I Lack confidence
- I’m different - I Feel lonely
- I am Confused
- It is easier to avoid facing difficulties
- I have to do everything myself
- Losing pleasure in things I used to enjoy
- Feeling like a burden to others
- Lack of self-esteem and Self-loathing
- Being very critical of yourself
- Feeling numb, emotionless and empty
Depression and Hope Rehab Treatment Program
Counseling and Therapy: You will explore your depression and its triggers.
Group work: Share with others and identify with peers - you are not alone.
CBT: Cognitive behaviour therapy - short term therapy with long term results - Negative thinking patterns keeps the depression alive so we have to learn ways to adopt positive thinking styles.
Mindfulness: is very useful to manage moods and feelings.
Fitness and exercise program: increases your positive brain chemistry and self esteem.
Assignments: Hope simple but effective workbook is full of useful exercise for manage depression and its causes.
Treatment tasks: You will set goals to complete tasks designed to manage depression and change your outlook.
Activities: Weekend activities include many new sober fun things to do - this gives you a chance to practise having clean and sober fun. Most weekends our clients choose to go to the island and beach.